Glaucoma/kala Motia- A silent and irreversible cause of blindness.

Glaucoma( Kala Motia) is the third leading cause of PERMANENT  and irresistible blindness in India, a disease unknown to many. About 1.2 crore people are affected annually in India.

Anyone can develop glaucoma but it’s more common in people over the age of 45. Children can get rare form of early onset glaucoma.

Getting a thorough dilated eye (via drugs) examination is the only way to catch glaucoma early.

Person with glaucoma will slowly lose their PERIPHERAL(side) vision and later CENTRAL (straight-ahead) vision is also lost.

Glaucoma damages the eye’s optic nerve which is a data cable coming out of the back of your eye and going to brain, thus disrupting the wires of optic nerve and disrupting flow of visual signals.

Once damage is done, vision loss cannot be restored.

Eye pressure is a major risk factor for glaucoma but not every person with increased eye pressure will develop glaucoma and Glaucoma can develop WITHOUT INCREASED eye pressure.

The proven treatment is to lower eye pressure via drugs/surgery to increase drainage of eye fluid or promote lesser production of eye fluid through drugs.

Lack of AWARENESS and LACK of SYMPTOM prevent people from getting glaucoma diagnosed early resulting in permanent blindness.

Regards
Dr Arjun Kumar Singh.
Avadh Eye Hospital, kankarbagh, Patna

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Image courtesy- SGeyecare,
Ref- Indian glaucoma society
Ref- http://www.newswise.com/articles/10-things-you-should-know-about-glaucoma